SEOUL, July 5 (Yonhap) -- The portion of female North Korean defectors topped 80 percent this year, government data showed Sunday, apparently because North Korean women are under less severe scrutiny by the communist country.
The number of female North Koreans who came to the South reached 444 in the January-May period, accounting for 83 percent of the 535 North Koreans who came to the South, according to the unification ministry.
The data was compiled tentatively as the government's background checks for North Korean defectors have not been completed, it said. Around 30,000 North Koreans have defected to South Korea in search of freedom so far.
Since the portion of female North Korean defectors topped the 50 percent mark for the first time in 2002, the weight has been on the rise, the data showed.
In particular, since North Korean leader Kim Jong-un took office in late 2011, the portion has increased above the 70 percent mark. The corresponding data reached 75.6 percent in 2013 and came in at 78.2 percent in 2014.
Experts said that it might be easier for women to flee the communist country as they are relatively less scrutinized by North Korean authorities.
Meanwhile, the number of North Koreans who defect to the South has been on the decline since 2011, the data showed.
In 2014, the number of defectors reached 1,396, down 48.4 percent from 2011, it said.
"Regardless of sex, the number of North Korean defectors has been falling," a unification ministry official said. "The trend is likely to continue this year as well."
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