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(Yonhap Interview) Sanctions on N.K. would have considerable impact in long-term: KNDA chief

All Headlines 11:06 April 07, 2016

By Song Sang-ho

SEOUL, April 7 (Yonhap) -- The latest package of U.N. sanctions on North Korea will have a "considerable impact" in the long-term, albeit not immediately, the head of a state diplomatic academy said Thursday, stressing the need to increase "strategic costs" that Pyongyang should pay due to its nuclear program.

During an interview with Yonhap News Agency, Korea National Diplomatic Academy (KNDA) Chancellor Yun Duk-min also called on Seoul and Washington to consider mapping out a nuclear doctrine that delineates credible steps to counter the North's evolving nuclear threats.

"It may be difficult to find sanctions having impact in the short-term, but in the mid- and long-term, they would have a considerable impact," said Yun who has led the academy under the Foreign Ministry since May 2013.

"As long as North Korea is obsessed with its nuclear program, (we) should make it pay the strategic costs by persistently operating the framework of strong sanctions," he added.

Yun was referring to the sanctions that the U.N. Security Council (UNSC) adopted early last month to punish the communist regime's nuclear test in January and long-range rocket test in February, all of which were in breach of past UNSC resolutions.

The toughest-ever sanctions on the North include the mandatory inspection of all cargo going into and out of the North, and a ban on the export of coal, iron and other mineral resources, a crucial source of hard currency for the isolated state.

The chancellor pointed to China as the most important player in the enforcement of the sanctions.

"China holds 90 percent of the key when it comes to the efficacy of the sanctions," he said.

Touching on the importance of the allies formulating a well-thought-out nuclear doctrine, Yun underscored that Seoul and Washington should step up efforts to ensure the credibility of the latter's nuclear protection.

"While (South Korea) cannot help but rely on the U.S.' nuclear umbrella, the question remains over how we can secure its credibility," he said.

The allies have been discussing the issue of ensuring the credibility of America's "extended deterrence" in recent years to better cope with Pyongyang's military threats. Yun's remarks appear to denote the need to flesh out Washington's schemes for extended deterrence.

Extended deterrence refers to the U.S.' stated commitment to mobilizing a full range of its military assets, both nuclear and conventional, to effectively counter the threats from Pyongyang's nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction.

Commenting on the growing calls here for South Korea's nuclear armament, Yun said that the costs of going nuclear would be "too prohibitive." He also dismissed the idea of Seoul demanding that Washington redeploy tactical nuclear weapons to the peninsula.

"Some people talk of redeploying U.S. tactical nukes here. But the U.S. has already scrapped them after the end of the Cold War," he said. "U.S. bombers or fighters could carry nuclear bombs here, but they are vulnerable to (hostile) pre-emptive strikes."

To cope with the threats from Pyongyang's various types of fully operational ballistic missiles that put South Korean and U.S. military installations in East Asia within striking range, Yun called for an early introduction of a "multilayered missile defense system."

He mentioned a set of U.S.-made missile defense assets, such as the Terminal High-Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system and the ship-based Standard Missile-3 (SM-3) interceptor. Seoul and Washington are currently in talks over the potential deployment of a THAAD battery here.

sshluck@yna.co.kr
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