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(2nd LD) N.K. military intelligence officer defected to S. Korea last year: Seoul

All News 14:23 April 11, 2016

(ATTN: UPDATES with more info in paras 6, 12, 15-17)

SEOUL, April 11 (Yonhap) -- A ranking North Korean military officer in charge of conducting intelligence operations defected to South Korea last year, Seoul's defense ministry said Monday, as the North's leader is tightening his grip on the regime.

A North Korean senior colonel, whose name has been withheld, defected in 2015 after working at the North's reconnaissance bureau tasked with carrying out espionage missions against the South, the ministry said.

"(The North Korean military official's defection) is a fact, but we cannot make public detailed information (about him)," Moon Sang-gyun, a ministry spokesman, said at a regular press briefing.

A source familiar with North Korean affairs said that the officer is viewed as an elite among North Koreans who have defected to the South.

"He is believed to have stated details about the bureau's operations against South Korea to authorities here," the source said.

South Korea's unification ministry said that the ranking official's defection can be seen as an example of cracks in the North's leadership.

South Korea's spy agency said last year that since taking power in late 2011 North Korean leader Kim Jong-un has had more than 70 senior officials executed in an effort to tighten his grip on the communist regime.

A number of North Korea's working-level officials based in foreign nations have sought asylum apparently to avoid Kim's so-called reign of terror, according to various sources.

The North's Reconnaissance General Bureau deals with intelligence-gathering and espionage operations in foreign countries and is also responsible for cyberwarfare. The bureau is known to be behind Pyongyang's alleged cyberattack on Sony Pictures Entertainment in 2014.

Kim Yong-chol, a new party secretary handling inter-Korean affairs, had served as the head of the bureau since 2009.

In a separate case, a North Korean diplomat stationed in an African country and his family members defected to South Korea in May last year, said another source with knowledge about North Korea.

A series of defections by senior North Korean officials and elites indicate that a growing number of North Koreans have become fed up with the North's iron-fist rules, experts say.

Last week, a group of 13 North Koreans who used to work at an overseas restaurant defected en masse to South Korea, the first mass defection since 2011. North Korean-run restaurants in foreign nations have long served as a source of hard currency for Pyongyang.

These latest developments follow the U.N. Security Council and major countries slapping tougher sanctions on North Korea for its January nuclear test and long-range rocket launch in February.

South Korea's intelligence agency and other government organizations, meanwhile, have started questioning the defectors to find out the motivations behind their actions, according to a government source.

Another source familiar with North Korea said that the defectors worked at a restaurant in the Chinese city of Ningbo and entered the South last week via Thailand and Laos.

The government has not given details and declined to comment on the defection route.

There are more than 28,000 North Korean defectors in South Korea, with some 1,280 North Koreans entering the South last year, according to Seoul's unification ministry.


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