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(6th LD) Ruling party fails to win parliamentary majority

All News 09:36 April 14, 2016

(ATTN: UPDATES with vote counting results; ADDS photos)
By Kim Kwang-tae

SEOUL, April 14 (Yonhap) -- South Korea's ruling Saenuri Party suffered a resounding defeat in Wednesday's general elections, losing a parliamentary majority amid public backlash against factional infighting laid bare in its candidate nomination process.

The party won only 122 out of 300 seats up for grabs, according to the watchdog National Election Commission. It marked the first time in 16 years that a ruling party has failed to win a parliamentary majority.

Ahn Hyoung-hwan, a spokesman of the ruling party's election task force, said that his party is to blame for the poor showing, noting the party failed to live up to people's expectations.

"We humbly accept the election results," Ahn told reporters. "We will be reborn as the political party that will communicate with people and win their trust."

The polls are crucial in South Korean politics as they will shape the legislative landscape for the next four years and gauge public sentiment ahead of next year's presidential race.

South Koreans will go to the polls in December 2017 to elect a new leader, who will succeed President Park Geun-hye. Park's single five-year term ends in early 2018. By law, she cannot seek re-election.

The ruling party's poor performance is expected to deal a blow to Park's efforts to push ahead with a series of reform bills.

Park has so far faced an uphill battle in passing a set of bills through the National Assembly because of the National Assembly Advancement Law. This law stipulates that a bill with contested issues can only be put up for a vote with the approval of more than 60 percent of sitting lawmakers.

Meanwhile, the main opposition Minjoo Party bagged 123 seats and the People's Party won 38 seats while the minor opposition Justice Party claimed six seats and independents won 11 seats, according to the election watchdog.

The People's Party emerged as a clear winner in the elections. The People's Party -- which currently has 20 seats in the outgoing legislature -- prevailed in 23 out of 28 contested districts in the country's southwestern region, a key political stronghold of the Minjoo Party and its predecessors.

The People's Party broke away from the New Politics Alliance for Democracy, which later changed its name to the Minjoo Party ahead of the elections in an apparent move to improve its image. In South Korea, changing a party's name is a common vote-buying tactic, although its members rarely change.

The People’s Party described its strong performance as public judgment on Park.

The strong showing of the People's Party could give a boost to its co-chairman Ahn Cheol-soo's potential bid for the presidential race.

Ahn, the founder of South Korea's largest anti-virus software firm, AhnLab, had a strong following, especially among young Koreans due largely to his clean and upright image when he entered the 2012 presidential campaign. He later dropped out.

Wednesday's elections came amid tensions on the Korean Peninsula following North Korea's nuclear test and long-range rocket launch earlier this year.

There has been speculation that North Korea may carry out a fifth nuclear test or launch a long-range missile to mark the birthday of the country's founder Kim Il-sung on Friday. Kim, who died in 1994, is the grandfather of current leader Kim Jong-un.

A preliminary turnout was 58 percent, up 3.8 percentage points from previous elections in 2012.

Currently, the ruling party has 146 seats, while the Minjoo Party and the People's Party have 102 and 20 seats in the 292-member legislature, respectively. Seven other seats are held by three other minor parties while 17 seats are independents.

The total number of parliamentary seats was 300 in 2012, but it has since dropped to 292 as some of them later lost their seats.


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