(ATTN: RECASTS dateline; ADDS S. Korea's response in last 2 paras)
By Chang Jae-soon
WASHINGTON/SEOUL, April 4 (Yonhap) -- The U.S. House of Representatives on Monday overwhelmingly passed legislation calling for relisting North Korea as a state sponsor of terrorism and a resolution condemning North Korea's intercontinental ballistic missile development.
The swift passage of the bipartisan measures, which came just five days after they passed through the House Foreign Affairs Committee, was seen as a message to China in the run-up to the first summit talks between U.S. President Donald Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping.
The North Korea State Sponsor of Terrorism Designation Act (H.R.479), which was introduced by Rep. Ted Poe (R-TX) in January, was approved in a 398-3 vote, while the resolution on the North's missile development passed in a 394-1 vote.
The terrorism bill requires the State Department to submit a report within 90 days after the bill's enactment on whether Pyongyang meets the criteria for a terror sponsor. In the event the department determines the North doesn't merit the designation, it should also offer a detailed justification for the decision.
Calls for adding Pyongyang back to the State Department's list of terrorism-sponsoring nations have gained significant traction in the wake of the Feb. 13 killing in Malaysia of Kim Jong-nam, the half brother of North Korean leader Kim Jong-un.
All evidence shows that the North was behind the slaying, though the regime denies its involvement.
The North was put on the U.S. terrorism sponsor list for its 1987 midair bombing of a Korean Airlines flight that killed all 115 people aboard. But the U.S. administration of former President George W. Bush removed Pyongyang from the list in 2008 in exchange for progress in denuclearization talks.
The resolution (H.Res.92) condemning the North's ICBM development was introduced by Rep. Joe Wilson (R-SC) on Feb. 17, just days after the North's test-firing of a newly developed intermediate-range ballistic missile powered by solid fuel.
The resolution was later updated to include an appeal to China to "immediately cease its diplomatic intimidation and economic coercion against South Korea" for Seoul's decision to host the U.S. THAAD missile defense system.
Last year, South Korea decided to host a THAAD battery to boost defense against North Korea.
China has taken a number of economic retaliatory measures, including restrictions on South Korean imports and a ban on Chinese tourists from visiting the neighboring nation, as Seoul refuses to give in to Chinese pressure to scrap the decision.
"The North Korean threat is urgent and real. Experts predict North Korea will be able to hit the U.S. with an ICBM in less than four years. Meanwhile, Kim Jong Un is taking aggressive steps to make North Korea a fully armed nuclear state," Rep. Ed Royce (R-CA), chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, said in a statement.
"It is time for us to ramp up the pressure. That is why I am supporting these measures today, which urge the State Department to relist North Korea as a state sponsor of terror and condemn North Korea's development of an ICBM. By passing these measures, we are taking important steps to push back against North Korea's dangerous ambitions," he said.
South Korea's foreign ministry assessed the swift passage of the bill and the resolution as a reflection of a "tough bipartisan" stance in the U.S. Congress against the North, saying that it sent a clear message involving major issues ahead of the upcoming summit between the U.S. and China.
The ministry also pledged to keep working hard going forward to deal with North Korea and its nuclear threat through the South Korea-U.S. alliance and bipartisan support from lawmakers in Washington.
BTS-inspired webtoon to be released this week
(LEAD) Daily infections over 4,000 for 2nd day; imported cases hit record high
(URGENT) 1 person recovered from Gwangju construction accident site pronounced dead: officials
Moon expresses condolences over death of pilot in F-5E crash
(LEAD) U.S. reaffirms security commitment to S. Korea following NK missile tests
(2nd LD) N. Korean cargo train arrives in Chinese city of Dandong: sources
(3rd LD) N. Korea says it has succeeded in final test-firing of hypersonic missile
(3rd LD) N. Korea announces firing of 2 train-borne guided missiles into East Sea
(2nd LD) Ruling party's presidential candidate eyes 'de facto' unification with N. Korea
Moon not considering attending Beijing Olympics: Cheong Wa Dae
Man sets himself on fire over feud with international marriage agency
(LEAD) Daily cases back above 4,000 amid omicron woes
(3rd LD) N. Korea says it confirmed accuracy of tactical guided missiles in test-firing
(LEAD) N. Korea says it confirmed accuracy of tactical guided missiles in test-firing
(4th LD) N. Korea fires 2 apparent ballistic missiles eastward from Pyongyang airfield: S. Korean military