Go to Contents Go to Navigation

(LEAD) Amended KORUS FTA to barely affect S. Korea's real GDP: study

All Headlines 11:26 November 10, 2017

(ATTN: REVISES lead; UPDATES with more details, comments in paras 10-15; ADDS photo)
By Kim Eun-jung

SEOUL, Nov. 10 (Yonhap) -- Additional opening of the market following a possible amendment to the free trade agreement (FTA) with the United States is not likely to have a visible impact on the South Korean economy because the two countries have already scrapped tariffs in many sectors, a study showed Friday.

At a public hearing held in Seoul, the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy unveiled an economic feasibility study on the renegotiation of the five-year-old deal, known as the KORUS FTA, which was conducted by three state research institutes.

A low-level FTA would increase 0.0004 percent of the real gross domestic product (GDP) in South Korea and contribute to US$12 million in terms of consumer benefits, while a high-level FTA would add 0.0007 percent to the real economy and improve the welfare of local consumers by $24 million, the joint study said.

Real GDP measures the value of finished goods and services adjusted for inflation.

The Korea Institute for International Economic Policy (KIEP), the Korea Institute for Industrial Economic & Trade and the Korea Rural Economic Institute jointly conducted the study.

"The number of remaining items are limited and tariff levels are already low, so an additional opening of the manufacturing sector is not expected to produce any marked fallout," Kim Young-gui, a researcher at KIEP, said during the public hearing attended by trade officials, experts and citizens. "The macroeconomic effects could rise if the two sides abolish or lower nontariff barriers and adjust other sectors."

The joint study didn't disclose detailed figures on each sector due to worries it would reveal South Korea's strategies before entering full-fledged renegotiations with the U.S.

The study said the FTA has expanded trade and improved market access between the two nations.

The findings said South Korea's imports from the U.S. edged down 0.8 percent from 2012, while shipments to the U.S. rose 5.3 percent.

The U.S. share of the Korean market has risen from 8.3 percent in 2012 to 11.1 percent in the first half of this year, while the corresponding figure for South Korea went up from 2.6 percent to 3.1 percent, it noted.

A livestock breeder protests the free trade agreement with the United States during a public hearing held at the Convention and Exhibition Center (COEX) in southern Seoul on Nov. 10, 2017, arguing the South Korean agriculture industry has suffered massive damage from market opening over the past five years. (Yonhap)

During the public hearing, local farmers and stockbreeders said the government's feasibility study is "unilateral" and "superficial," arguing it didn't reflect the damage they have suffered over the past five years.

When it was stated that KORUS had produced "mutually beneficial outcomes," an angry farmer with a red headband stepped towards the stage and shouted, "Don't lie! Scrap KORUS FTA immediately!"

"Total trade with the United States has grown, but trade deficits in livestock products have increased every year. The KORUS FTA has taken the Korean agriculture industry hostage," Kim Hong-kil, the chief of Korean beef association, said. "Why don't you tell people the truth?"

The protesters urged the government to stand firm against any U.S. demands for a further lowering of tariffs on agricultural products, saying such a move would devastate the farming sector.

"We can't surrender a grain of rice or a slice of meat," Kim said.

The ministry said it will reflect their opinions when crafting its strategy and notify its intention to renegotiate the deal to parliament within the month. This process will wrap up the domestic procedures needed for opening talks.

The U.S. administration has to send a letter notifying Congress that it intends to launch KORUS FTA negotiations in 90 days. It must also hold public hearings and disclose its goal 30 days prior to official talks.



Send Feedback
How can we improve?
Thanks for your feedback!