SEOUL, Nov. 29 (Yonhap) -- Only 3 percent of executives at the top 500 companies in South Korea were women last year, showing the glass ceiling for the female workforce remains high, according to a survey by the gender equality ministry Thursday.
Results of the recent survey of the 500 biggest companies by revenue found that they have a combined 454 woman executives, accounting for only 3 percent of the total. The survey was commissioned by the Ministry of Gender Equality and Family and conducted by the Korean Women's Development Institute.
The rate was slightly higher than the 2.7 percent in 2016, also up from 2.4 percent in 2015 and 2.3 percent in 2014.
A total of 328 firms out of the 500 surveyed, or 65.5 percent, did not even have a single female executive, the results also showed.
Having a female executive was most commonplace in the financial and insurance sector, with 45.2 percent of the financial-insurance firms surveyed each had one or more female executives, followed by the wholesale and retail sector with 35.1 percent and the manufacturing sector at 32.1 percent.
Still, the overall rate of female executives at the financial and insurance sector remained 3.7 percent, up from 2.7 percent from 2016. The corresponding rates for the manufacturing and the wholesale-retail sectors was 2.7 percent and 1 percent in 2017, respectively.
"Reflecting the economic size of South Korea, female representation remains at an embarrassing level," Gender Equality Minister Jin Sun-mee said. "Based on the results of the latest survey, (the ministry) plans to seek a wide range of measures to increase the population of female executives."
Hydrogen car market draws guarded optimism
S. Korea sends strong signal to further stabilize home prices
BOK raises key rate on ballooning household debt
Protectionism, weak SUV lineup major challenges for Hyundai in 2019
Samsung BioLogics case to affect market, delisting unlikely: experts