1884 -- Kim Ok-kyun, Pak Yong-hyo and other young reformist officials, supported by the Japanese government, briefly seize power in a coup, seeking to modernize and open Korea's last kingdom, the Yi Dynasty. The new group believed Korea should emulate Japan, which institutionalized reforms in 1868 and transformed itself into a modern society. The coup, however, proved to be short-lived, as the Chinese army intervened out of concern that the balance of power on the Korean Peninsula was shifting decisively toward the Japanese.
1964 -- South Korea and West Germany sign an accord aimed at promoting economic exchanges.
1979 -- A military court begins the trial of eight people, including former intelligence chief Kim Jae-kyu, on charges of assassinating President Park Chung-hee. Park was shot dead on Oct. 26, 1979, having held power for 19 years following a military coup.
2003 -- The National Assembly overrides President Roh Moo-hyun's veto and passes a bill for the appointment of a special counsel to investigate his former aides on corruption charges. The move by the opposition-controlled assembly came just nine days after Roh vetoed the bill, saying there was already an ongoing investigation by prosecutors into the alleged irregularities.
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