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(LEAD) S. Korea dismisses UNC's alleged push to include Japan as official member

All News 13:07 July 11, 2019

(ATTN: RECASTS headline, lead; UPDATES throughout with Seoul ministry's stance; ADDS photo)

SEOUL, July 11 (Yonhap) -- The defense ministry on Thursday voiced strong opposition to an alleged push by the U.S.-led United Nations Command (UNC) to include Japan as an official member, saying that, according to U.N. Security Council resolutions, Tokyo is not entitled to such status.

According to sources, the UNC is seeking to include Japan as one of the UNC's "sending states," a move likely to inflame public sentiment in South Korea amid renewed historical tensions with Tokyo.

Should Japan obtain the membership, it would pave the way for its military involvement in the event of an armed conflict on the peninsula -- a scenario unthinkable for many Koreans who harbor grievances stemming from Japan's 1910-45 colonial rule.

Except for South Korea and the United States, the UNC currently has 16 sending states that are to provide combat troops, equipment and other forms of support in case of a contingency on the peninsula.

The sending states include Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Italy and New Zealand. They have posted contingents at the UNC to support its operations centering on the observance and enforcement of the armistice that halted the 1950-53 Korean War.

"Japan did not participate in the Korean War, so it cannot serve a role as a sending state," Col. Roh Jae-cheon, the deputy ministry spokesman told a regular briefing, citing U.N. Resolutions 83 and 84.

Stressing that South Korea has neither discussed Japan's participation with the U.S. nor reviewed the case, Roh added he understands that the U.S. side is of a similar opinion.

The alleged pursuit of Japan's entry into the UNC comes amid heightened tensions between South Korea and Japan caused by Tokyo's recent export control measure -- an apparent retaliation for last year's Supreme Court rulings here against Japanese firms over wartime forced labor.

As part of its "revitalization" efforts, the UNC has been seeking to beef up its operational structure with more contributions from its 16 sending states and making efforts to include more outside participation.

"I know that the UNC is working at seeing if other nations are interested in joining, but it is also in the works. Nothing has been confirmed," a UNC official told Yonhap News Agency over the phone.

It remains unclear whether Japan would accede to a call to join the UNC, as any possibility of Tokyo's military involvement on the peninsula could further exacerbate strained relations with Seoul.

Japan is already home to a number of UNC rear bases that would be mobilized in the event of a crisis in Korea.

Speaking of the U.S.' references to Japan's role within the UNC in a recently issued annual publication, the Seoul ministry also said there seems to have been a "mistranslation" of the English text into Korean.

In the English version of the 2019 Strategic Digest, the U.S. said the UNC "continues to ensure the support and force flow through Japan that would be necessary in times of crisis." But the Korean version says it continues to ensure the support and force flow "with" Japan.

The UNC is not available for official comments regarding the issue.

This photo shows the exterior of the United Nations Command headquarters in Pyeongtaek, Gyeonggi Province, 70 kilometers south of Seoul. (Yonhap)

This photo shows the exterior of the United Nations Command headquarters in Pyeongtaek, Gyeonggi Province, 70 kilometers south of Seoul. (Yonhap)

Since 2014, the UNC has been pushing for the revitalization campaign to ostensibly deepen its commitment to "maintaining stability and peace in Korea by employing multinational forces of the sending states," it has said.

As part of the campaign, the UNC has strengthened its staff by securing more contributions from member states and having senior officials exclusively dedicated to their UNC roles rather than taking other responsibilities.

The campaign has been picking up pace amid the intensifying Sino-U.S. rivalry, talks for Washington's envisioned transfer of wartime operational control to Seoul and efforts for a lasting peace regime on the peninsula that could render the UNC obsolete.

Analysts said that the initiative appears aimed at ensuring the UNC's readiness for military contingencies, enhancing America's influence over the peninsula or preserving the U.S-led regional security order challenged by an assertive China.



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