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(2nd LD) Navy seeking to secure nuclear-powered submarines for self-defense capabilities

Defense 16:01 October 10, 2019

(ATTN: ADDS Navy's plan to build more destroyers in last 4 paras, photo)
By Oh Seok-min

SEOUL, Oct. 10 (Yonhap) -- The Navy said Thursday it has been running a task force on the potential construction of nuclear-powered submarines as part of efforts to bolster its nuclear deterrent and boost defense capabilities.

"With longer-term perspectives to have nuclear-powered submarines, we have been running a task force of our own," the Navy said in a report presented to lawmakers for a parliamentary audit.

"As the matter will be decided in accordance with national policy, the Navy will work closely with the defense ministry and the Joint Chiefs of Staff," it added.

South Korea pushed to build such submarines in 2003 behind the scenes as part of its long-term military buildup program but suspended the project about a year later after it was disclosed in a media report.

Then in 2017, the defense ministry carried out research on the matter through private entities, which led the military to feel the necessity of the asset, according to Navy officers.

"Operating the task force does not mean that the Navy is pushing for related projects in earnest, as nothing has been decided. It is mainly collecting information regarding the matter," a Navy officer said.

Some experts and lawmakers have called for the development of a nuclear-powered submarine, which is regarded as one of the most useful military assets to be operated on the Korean Peninsula to counter threats not only from North Korea but from neighboring countries as well.

Some speculate that the military might push to develop its 3,000-ton Chang Bo Go-III submarine as a nuclear-powered one. Currently, the country is carrying out the project to build the 3,000-ton indigenous submarine by 2031, with a process to develop its system set to begin in earnest this year.

"A nuclear-powered submarine is deemed most effective in detecting and destroying North Korea's subs armed with submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBM), as it is capable of carrying out operations underwater for a longer period of time," South Korea's Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Sim Seung-seob said.

"We recognize the usefulness and the necessity of a nuclear-powered submarine because it is a useful deterrent force in responding to North Korea and neighboring countries at the same time," he said.

In recent years, North Korea has been moving to beef up its underwater capabilities by advancing its aging subs and improving its SLBMs. Earlier this month, it test-fired its Pukguksong-3 missile, which is believed to boast a longer flight range than the previous version, the Pukguksong-1 SLBM.

In July, the North also showed off a new submarine that appears to be larger than a 2,500-ton class vessel and capable of carrying three SLBMs.

Currently, North Korea is believed to have 70 subs. But most of them are known to be outdated and unfit for operations beyond coastal waters.

This file photo posted on the U.S. Pacific Command's website shows the Los Angeles-class attack submarine USS Tucson pulling into Jinhae on South Korea's south coast on April 6, 2016. (PHOTO NOT FOR SALE) (Yonhap)

Meanwhile, the Navy said it will begin the basic design of a homegrown Aegis-equipped destroyer within this year.

Under the Korea Destroyer Next Generation (KDDX) project, South Korea has been pushing to secure six 6,000 ton-class new destroyers by the late 2020s to be equipped with the indigenous combat system. Last year, the government approved the basic plan for its development.

With a goal to beef up its capabilities of intercepting ballistic missiles, South Korea is separately building an upgraded version of its 7,600-ton KDX-III Aegis destroyer, which will have vertical launching systems capable of firing Standard Missile-3 (SM-3) ship-based interceptors or comparable ones, according to the Navy.

A total of three KDX-III vessels will be built to be put into operation starting in the mid-2020s, it added. Currently, South Korea has three Aegis-equipped destroyers.

Seen in this photo provided by the Navy is Sejong the Great, a 7,600-ton Aegis-equipped destroyer. (PHOTO NOT FOR SALE) (Yonhap)


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