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(LEAD) S. Korea remains willing to reconsider GSOMIA decision if Japan changes course: defense ministry

Defense 14:05 November 14, 2019

(ATTN: ADDS spokesperson's comments on combined exercises in last 4 paras, photos)
By Oh Seok-min

SEOUL, Nov. 14 (Yonhap) -- South Korea remains willing to reconsider its decision to terminate a military intelligence-sharing pact with Japan if Tokyo first retracts "unfair" export curbs, the defense ministry said Thursday.

The General Security of Military Information Agreement (GSOMIA) is set to expire on Nov. 23, following South Korea's decision in August to terminate it after Japan imposed export curbs on Seoul in a row over wartime forced labor.

U.S. officials have called strongly for renewing the pact as they consider it a key pillar of trilateral security cooperation with the two Asian allies in a region marked by an increasingly assertive China and a nuclear-armed North Korea.

"Our government's position remains unchanged that if Japan withdraws unfair retaliatory measures and friendly relations between the two countries are restored, various measures can be reconsidered, including GSOMIA," defense ministry spokesperson Choi Hyun-soo told a regular briefing.

Asked about the ministry's view on the U.S. continuing to publicly pressure Seoul, the official simply said, "We see that as emphasis on the importance of coordination among friendly countries."

In August, South Korea decided to end the three-year-old pact in response to Japan's export curbs on Seoul citing security concerns, which are seen as political retaliation for last year's Korean Supreme Court rulings against Japanese firms over wartime forced labor.

South Korea's Defense Minister Han Min-koo (R) and Japan's Ambassador to Seoul Yasumasa Nagamine formally sign the General Security of Military Information Agreement in Seoul on Nov. 23, 2016, in this photo provided by the Ministry of National Defense on Aug. 22, 2019. (PHOTO NOT FOR SALE) (Yonhap)

Asked about U.S. Defense Secretary Mark Esper's comment that joint exercises with South Korea could be adjusted if diplomatically necessary, the spokesperson said that the military authorities of the two countries have been in support of ongoing diplomatic efforts for the denuclearization of North Korea.

Esper made the remark during a press gaggle en route to Seoul after North Korea's State Affairs Commission, the country's highest decision-making body, warned that Pyongyang could give up on diplomacy and choose to take a "new way" if the U.S. and the South go ahead with their planned joint exercises later this month.

Choi said that Esper's comments are believed to be within the context of the U.S.' "flexible approach" to the denuclearization negotiations with North Korea, adding that the allies have staged combined exercises "in an adjusted manner under close coordination."

Officials have said that Seoul and Washington are planning to carry out scaled-back air drills, in contrast to the Vigilant Ace exercises that were conducted until 2017 before being suspended last year amid peace efforts involving North Korea.

A B-1B Lancer strategic bomber, two F-35A and two F-35B stealth jets of the U.S., and two F-16K and two F-15K fighters of South Korea fly in formation over the Korean Peninsula in a joint Korea-U.S. air force drill, Vigilant Ace, on Dec. 6, 2017, in this photo provided by the air force. (Yonhap)


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