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(News Focus) Shorter firing interval indicates N.K.'s super-large rocket launcher almost ready for operation: experts

North Korea 11:31 November 29, 2019

By Oh Seok-min

SEOUL, Nov. 29 (Yonhap) -- North Korea's latest "volley test-firing" of a super-large multiple rocket launcher indicates that the communist nation is almost ready to put the weapon into operation, though questions remain over its reliability and precision, experts said Friday.

On Thursday, the North fired two short-range projectiles in quick succession from a super-large multiple rocket launcher from its eastern town of Yeonpo into the East Sea. Both flew around 380 kilometers at a maximum altitude of about 97 km, according to South Korea's Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS).

It was the fourth test of the system, following three tests on Aug. 24, Sept. 10, and Oct. 31.

A projectile mounted on a "super-large multiple rocket launcher" is launched off North Korea's east coast on Nov. 28, 2019, in this photo released by the North's official Korean Central News Agency the next day. North Korean leader Kim Jong-un oversaw the test-firing of the system. South Korea's military said the North fired two projectiles from what is presumed to be a super-large multiple rocket launcher from Yeonpo in the country's eastern South Hamgyong Province toward the East Sea. (For Use Only in the Republic of Korea. No Redistribution) (Yonhap)

While few differences were spotted in the flight ranges and the maximum altitudes of the projectiles fired from the system so far, it is noteworthy that there was a far shorter interval between the projectiles fired this time. The gap between the two launches was only 30 seconds, compared to 17 minutes in the initial test; 19 minutes in the second round; and three minutes in the third test.

"The primary purpose of the latest test is to verify its continuous-fire system, and the 30-second interval means that North Korea was quite successful in securing the capabilities that its leader Kim Jong-un has called for," Shin Jong-woo, a senior analyst at the Korea Defense Security Forum in Seoul, said.

Pointing to images released by the North's Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) showing two projectiles being fired from one transporter erector launcher (TEL) vehicle, professor Kim Dong-yup of Kyungnam University's Far East Institute forecast North Korea could put the weapon into operation in the near future.

"During the October launches, the North flew the missiles from its western region, which was also deemed successful. Now that it also proved the successive firing system, North Korea appears to be prepared soon for mass production and deployment," he noted.

On Friday, North Korean media said, "(The) volley test-fire aimed to finally examine the combat application of the super-large multiple launch rocket system proved the military and technical superiority of the weapon system and its firm reliability."

Leader Kim Jong-un expressed "great satisfaction" over the results, it added.

The North's technical level is still considered low compared to advanced nations, as the U.S.' multiple launch rocket system is capable of firing projectiles within a five-second interval, and China's 400-mm large-caliber one logs six seconds between rocket launches.

But the North's new weapon will serve as another effective means for the bellicose regime to conduct a surprise attack against its immediate neighbor with greater destructive power, according to experts.

"We call it ToT, or time on target, where missiles could be fired either from a same unit or multiple units to hit targets at the same time though they are spread out," said expert Ryu Sung-yeop from the Korea Research Institute of Military Affairs.

The super-large launcher, believed to be a 600-millimeter caliber one, appears to have a maximum range of around 400 km, which puts most parts of South Korea in its reach.

"Multiple artillery launches in succession in a short period of time will complicate South Korea's air defense, as such launches are hard to detect and intercept," Ryun added.

Some experts also said the North could conduct additional tests.

"For its operational deployment, North Korea may need to fire four projectiles at one time, just as the system is designed to," a military source said. The launcher system uses a TEL with four tubes.

In the four tests so far, the projectiles were not aimed at specific targets but were meant to fly far. They were also believed to be fired from flat land, with the launcher being fixed on the ground.

"The North also needs tests to verify its precision, as well as to ensure if it is reliable enough to be used for field operations," Shin said.

The super-large launcher is one of the five new types of weapons that North Korea showed off during the 13 rounds of tests so far this year.

The four others are "a newly developed large-caliber" multiple launch guided rocket system, its version of Russia's Iskander ballistic missile, its version of the U.S.' Army Tactical Missile System (ATACMS) and the newly developed submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM), the Pukguksong-3.

The weapons tests, which began in May after an 18-month hiatus, come at a time when denuclearization talks with the U.S. remain in limbo since the breakdown of the February summit between President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim.

North Korean leader Kim Jong-un (L) stands next to a super-large multiple rocket launcher in South Pyongan Province in western North Korea on Sept. 10, 2019, as he oversees the launcher's testing, in this photo released by the North's Korean Central News Agency on Sept. 11. (For Use Only in the Republic of Korea. No Redistribution) (Yonhap)

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