(ATTN: RECAST headline; UPDATES with more information, additional background in paras 7-11, photos)
By Byun Duk-kun
SEOUL, April 9 (Yonhap) -- The Bank of Korea (BOK) on Thursday kept its policy rate frozen at an all-time low of 0.75 percent, citing the need to see the effect of steps already taken, but painted a grim growth outlook, forecasting "considerably" slower growth than earlier expected.
"Gross domestic product growth is projected to fall considerably below the February forecast of 2.1 percent, and uncertainties around the future path of GDP growth are also judged to be very high," the BOK said in its monetary policy decision statement.
"In view of the mounting economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Board will conduct monetary policy in an accommodative manner in order to mitigate downside risks to the economy and ease volatility in financial markets," it said.
"In this process it will judge whether to adjust the degree of monetary policy accommodation, while thoroughly assessing the severity of the COVID-19 outbreak, its impact on the domestic economy and financial markets and changes in financial stability," it added.
The latest monetary policy decision came less than four weeks after the South Korean central bank delivered an emergency rate cut on March 16, slashing the policy rate by a whopping half a percentage point to the record low of 0.75 percent.
The BOK's first emergency rate cut in more than a decade came five days after the World Health Organization declared the spread of COVID-19 a pandemic.
South Korea reported its first COVID-19 case on Jan. 20. The virus has since infected 10,423 people as of Thursday while killing 204.
The central bank's latest growth projection of 2.1 percent in February marked a sharp downward revision from 2.3 percent forecast late last year.
Many now expect the South Korean economy to grow less than 1 percent this year, while some even anticipate a contraction.
Global rating agency Moody's Investors Service has lowered its growth outlook for South Korea to 0.1 percent, with the Asian Development Bank slashing its growth projection to 1.3 percent from the previous 2.3 percent last week.
Still, experts here expect the central bank to keep its policy rate steady for some time.
"With its active steps taken in advance against an economic slowdown and liquidity crunch caused by COVID-19 in the forms of an emergency rate cut and Korean-style quantitative easing, the BOK is expected to monitor the effect of the preceding measures," Daishin Securities analyst Kong Dong-rak said earlier.
Kong was one of 15 analysts who expected to see a rate freeze this week in a poll conducted by Yonhap Infomax. Only three others had anticipated a rate cut.
Also, only seven out of the 18 experts surveyed anticipated an additional rate reduction before the year's end.
Steps taken by the BOK against the coronavirus outbreak include the "unlimited" purchase of local bonds in repo operations to boost market liquidity.
The central bank on Thursday added mortgage-backed securities and special bank bonds, or certificates of deposit, to the list of bonds it can purchase to help boost market liquidity.
An earlier report said nearly 15 trillion won (US$12.4 billion) worth of bonds floated by large local companies will mature in the second quarter.
"The BOK is aware of market concerns over the amount of corporate bonds and commercial papers (CPs) set to mature in April, which is relatively large, but it believes there will not be a serious problem in refinancing the debts, considering the demand of the market itself for corporate bonds and CPs, the expansion of market liquidity by the central bank, and the size of the market stabilization fund to be created (at 20 trillion won)," the BOK said earlier.
The BOK is regularly purchasing local bonds in its repo operations aimed at injecting additional market liquidity. It purchased 5.2 trillion won in its first such operation last week.
It has also delivered more than US$14 billion in U.S. dollars to local banks under its bilateral currency swap arrangement with the U.S. Fed designed to help stabilize the local foreign exchange market.
The Korea-U.S. currency swap deal is worth $60 billion. South Korea has currency swap arrangements with at least eight other countries, worth more than $190 billion in total.
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