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(Yonhap Feature) 'Pay attention not to us, but to the deaf': S. Korean COVID-19 sign language interpreter

All News 09:00 July 09, 2020

By Lee Minji

SEOUL, July 9 (Yonhap) -- For Koh Koung-hee, it all began when a local newspaper carrying an ad for a beginner's sign language class flew towards her on a windy day in 1997.

From there, it has been a journey of learning a new language, forming close relationships with deaf friends and changing jobs to become a full-time interpreter.

More than 20 years later, the former nutritionist now stands alongside health authorities as she provides simultaneous sign-language interpretation of government briefings on the new coronavirus.

Koh is one of six sign language interpreters that bring the latest COVID-19 updates to deaf and hard of hearing people in South Korea.

This screenshot shows Koh Koung-hee (R) signing a COVID-19 press briefing alongside Vice Health Minister Kim Ganglip at the administrative city of Sejong on July 6, 2020. (Yonhap)

Always clad in black on screen, to make their hands more easily noticeable, the interpreters commute to the administrative city of Sejong two to three times a week.

But it's practically an around-the-clock job, Koh said.

Even on their off days, they are busy scouring the latest news on the infectious virus and studying about the disease that has infected 13,244 here. The country reported its first case on Jan. 20.

"It's one of the toughest interpreting jobs I've ever done," Koh, wearing an olive-colored shirt, said in a recent interview with Yonhap News Agency on one of her off days.

"It's live, there's a lot of administrative and medical jargon, it's a disaster situation and the screen showing us is big ... I'm in a constant state of ultimate alert."

Koh and her teammates work in teams of two, switching roles every 20 minutes.

Twenty minutes may be enough time to prepare for the briefings -- the interpreters usually get their scripts just 10 minutes before going live -- but things are different when you are interpreting into sign language.

"Our daily interpreting time adds up to around 40 minutes on a usual day, but I am knocked out at the end of a day," she said, "Even when we are not on screen, we are always on stand-by for our partners and studying about the virus until the last second."

The fact that sign language requires speakers to use both hands and "non-manual signals" -- facial expressions, the moving of their mouths, heads and shoulders -- make interpreting a more physically daunting task.

This photo, provided by Koh Koung-hee, shows sign language interpreters for the government's daily COVID-19 press briefings. The photo, taken at a cafe near Osong, where the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is located, shows Kim Dong-ho (L), Kwon Dong-ho, Shin Hwan-hee, Ko Eun-mi, Yoon Nam and Koh herself. (PHOTO NOT FOR SALE) (Yonhap)

Still, the interpreters are thrilled that the pandemic has brought about changes in Korean sign language.

Sign language sporadically appeared on TV in the 1980s but it was only after 2008, when legislation prohibiting discrimination against persons with disabilities went into effect, that sign language interpreters became more common.

In 2016, the Korean sign language act, which recognized Korean sign language as holding the same status as the national language, went into effect, raising hopes circumstances for the deaf would improve.

But in real life, change has been slow, Koh said.

While broadcasters are mandated to have sign language interpreters on at least 5 percent of their shows, most shows with interpreters are scheduled after midnight, or interpreters are shown in tiny windows in one corner of the screen.

The deaf community and civic groups have filed complaints against what they describe as discrimination and in May, the national human rights commission advised the minimum quota be raised, calling for terrestrial broadcasters to provide interpreters for prime time news programs.

Koh said this public atmosphere often imbues the feeling that society doesn't want to see sign language.

"In the past, cameramen would gesture at us to move further away from the speaker (so that we could be cropped out)," she said.

Sign language interpreter Koh Koung-hee signs the term "social distancing" during a recent interview with Yonhap News Agency in Seoul. Koh, who showed up in an olive-colored shirt, changed to black attire to better demonstrate her signing. (Yonhap)

The new coronavirus, however, has changed this.

"Now they are telling us to actually move closer. Viewers also say they are happy to see us on bigger screens so that they don't have to only focus on the small corner on the screen," the interpreter said with a beaming smile.

"It seems that our existence has become something that feels awkward when we are not there. This is something we're extremely proud of."

Sign language interpreter Koh Koung-hee signs the term "COVID-19" during a recent interview with Yonhap News Agency in Seoul. Koh, who showed up in an olive-colored shirt, changed to black attire to better demonstrate her signing. (Yonhap)

The veteran interpreter, however, voiced caution over the sudden spotlight on sign language interpreters.

"I'm not a celebrity, I'm just a person who is communicating information in sign language for my clients. It's not like charity," she said.

The attention should instead go to the people who are watching the briefings, outside of the screen, Koh stressed.

"There are people out there who couldn't get much information about the new coronavirus and it just hit them. That's where the attention should go -- not to the interpreters you see on screen."

Following the interview, Koh sent a text of a phrase citing sign language experts Lynn Hou and Octavian Robinson carried in the U.S. magazine Anthropology News, which she fully embraces.

"Sign language interpreters have become social media celebrities of our coronavirus moment. But signing is not a form of light entertainment; it should be lifesaving information."


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