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(4th LD) Doctors stage nationwide strike, service disruption reported

All News 23:52 August 26, 2020

(ATTN: ADDS doctors' rejection of government orders to return to work in paras 11-13)
By Kim Han-joo

SEOUL, Aug. 26 (Yonhap) -- Thousands of doctors launched a nationwide strike Wednesday despite the government's order to return to work, with service disruptions reported at major hospitals.

The three-day collective action by doctors, including interns and resident doctors at general hospitals and practitioners at neighborhood clinics, came as they balked at the government's move to increase the number of medical students.

The walkout is the second of its kind and organized by the Korean Medical Association (KMA), which has some 130,000 members.

Earlier in the day, the government ordered striking doctors in the Seoul area to return to work as the country's new coronavirus cases spiked to over 300 again. This is the first time that Seoul has ordered doctors to return to work, with previous actions being focused on getting hospitals and clinics to reopen.

The health ministry said of the 32,787 clinics in the country, 10.8 percent, or 3,549, were closed as of noon. The total number of clinics that did not receive patients is slightly higher than the 2,097 that informed the government that they would be closed. The figure is less than the 33 percent strike rate by practitioners tallied in the first walkout earlier this month.

Doctors hold up signs criticizing the government at a Seoul hospital on Aug. 26, 2020, as tens of thousands of doctors went on a full-scale strike nationwide for a three-day run earlier in the day in protest of the government's medical workforce reform. (Yonhap)

Doctors hold up signs criticizing the government at a Seoul hospital on Aug. 26, 2020, as tens of thousands of doctors went on a full-scale strike nationwide for a three-day run earlier in the day in protest of the government's medical workforce reform. (Yonhap)

Following the start of the strike, the ministry issued a mandatory order to doctors working at hospitals in the greater Seoul area to return to work, citing concerns over spiking coronavirus cases.

"As of 8 a.m., the government has ordered trainee doctors and fellows working at training hospitals in Seoul, Gyeonggi Province and Incheon to immediately return to their medical services," Health Minister Park Neunghoo said.

Those who do not follow the government order without probable cause could have their licenses revoked and even face imprisonment of less than three years or a fine of less than 30 million won (US$25,000).

The health ministry claimed that the medical sector and the government have reached an agreement to put the reform plan on hold until the COVID-19 pandemic is brought under control in the greater capital region.

However, the agreement was rejected by the Korean Intern and Resident Association (KIRA) representing the trainee doctors, the ministry said.

KIRA said its members will not follow the government's orders to return to work, calling the government order a "bad law."

"As part of this stance, some doctors who want to, will submit their resignations to hospitals on Thursday," KIRA said.

It then said some trainee doctors will volunteer their services in the treatment of coronavirus patients.

The association said this move does not mean doctors are following orders, and that they will engage in earnest talks with the government if the medical sector reform plan is scrapped.

The KMA said that government action ordering doctors to end the strike will be contested in court and argued the move violated the right to collective action.

Thousands of trainee doctors have already been staging an indefinite strike since late last week, calling for the government to scrap the plan.

Trainee doctors held a one-day strike on Aug. 7 and also participated in the KMA's nationwide walkout a week later.

Citizens walk in front of a general hospital in Seoul on Aug. 26, 2020. (Yonhap)

Citizens walk in front of a general hospital in Seoul on Aug. 26, 2020. (Yonhap)

The latest walkout has already brought disruptions in the health care system at a time when the country is struggling to contain the uptick in new coronavirus cases.

The country reported 320 new COVID-19 cases Wednesday, including 307 local infections, raising the total caseload to 18,265, according to the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

A total of 163 out of 200, or 58.3 percent, of medical facilities with trainee doctors went on strike, according to a survey conducted by the health ministry. The ratio for fellow doctors came to 6.1 percent.

The number of surgeries at major general hospitals in the greater Seoul area nearly halved, as the walkout forced doctors to reduce clinic hours and delay procedures.

Seoul National University Hospital said around 60 surgeries were performed, sharply down from a daily average of 120, while more than 110 surgeries at Samsung Medical Center have been postponed.

The general hospitals replaced night hours usually covered by interns and residents with professor-level doctors to prevent any disruption at emergency rooms and rooms for critical patients.

The walkout by practitioners at neighborhood clinics is also expected to disrupt medical service, prompting the government to prepare an emergency system at public health centers across the country.

This photo, taken Aug. 25, 2020, shows a sign at a neighborhood clinic saying the hospital will be closed for three days starting Aug. 26. (Yonhap)

This photo, taken Aug. 25, 2020, shows a sign at a neighborhood clinic saying the hospital will be closed for three days starting Aug. 26. (Yonhap)

As part of the country's medical workforce reform plan, the health ministry is planning to expand admission quotas at medical schools by 4,000 over the next 10 years, starting in 2022, and to open a new public medical school, as it seeks to broaden the reach of health care services.

This will increase the number of students admitted annually to medical schools to 3,458 in the 2022-2031 period from the current 3,058, according to the plan.

Calling the government's move a "hasty and unilateral" decision, trainee doctors launched the indefinite strike Friday on a staggered basis, and such doctors at all levels are now staging the collective action.

On Tuesday, both sides also agreed to launch working-level consultations. But the talks have yet to generate a major breakthrough, prompting the KMA to press ahead with the full-scale walkout.

khj@yna.co.kr
(END)

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