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SEOUL, Sept. 17 (Yonhap) -- The annual exodus for Chuseok, the Korean equivalent of Thanksgiving, began Friday as South Koreans head to their hometowns for family reunions and take trips during the extended holiday.
This year's three-day Chuseok holiday runs from Monday to Wednesday and it is extended by an extra two days due to the preceding weekend. Traditionally, Koreans head back to their hometowns to be with their family members and visit their ancestors' graves to commemorate them.
The nationwide exodus is expected to create severe traffic jams on major roads, expressways, railroad stations and airports throughout the extended holiday period.
The state-run Korea Transport Institute estimates that about 32.26 million people are expected to hit the road to visit their hometowns during Chuseok. The average daily traffic is estimated at 5.38 million, 16.4 percent smaller than in 2019, a pre-COVID-19 year. Compared with last year's Chuseok, however, it marks an increase of 3.5 percent.
The smaller-than-usual exodus was long anticipated as health authorities have advised against hometown visits or travel during the extra-long holiday, due to fears of COVID-19 transmissions. A recent Gallup poll of 1,001 adults nationwide found 77 percent unwilling to leave their homes for more than one night during the Chuseok holiday.
In Seoul, Gimpo International Airport was increasingly crowded with travelers heading to hometowns or the southern resort island of Jeju, while congestion began on roads and highways leading out of the capital and other major cities.
According to Korea Expressway Corp., massive traffic jams occurred in a total of 35-kilometer sections on the southbound lanes on the Gyeongbu Expressway, which links Seoul to the southeastern port city of Busan, as of 4 p.m. Similar traffic congestion was also reported from all other southbound expressways leading out of Seoul.
The company estimates the nationwide traffic volume on the day at 5.41 million vehicles, of which 470,000 leave from the greater Seoul area. It expects the 420-km-long drive from Seoul to Busan, for instance, to take more than five hours.
Train stations, including Seoul Station, and express bus terminals were also crowded with hometown visitors and holidaymakers.
Friday's tickets for southbound trains departing from Seoul Station were almost sold out, while expressway bus passengers considerably increased compared with last year's Chuseok. But the overall congestion was not as heavy as in pre-COVID-19 years.
All public transit passengers have to strictly follow a set of quarantine and social distancing rules. On trains, for instance, only window seats are allowed for passengers, and food and drinks are prohibited.
At Gimpo airport, western Seoul, hundreds of people, some holding holiday gifts in hand, waited in long lines in front of the check-in desks on the second floor of the passenger terminal.
"I can see my parents living in Seoul often, so I'm going on a trip to Jeju with my family during the holiday," said 38-year-old Park Seung-won, flanked by his wife and two sons.
Park said his family plans to usually visit quiet places on the island rather than crowded beaches and famous tourist spots to reduce the risk of being exposed to COVID-19.
With the majority of holidaymakers set to hit the road Saturday, airports, train stations and express bus terminals across the country are expected to be packed throughout the weekend, officials said.
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