(ATTN: UPDATES with more info throughout)
By Kim Han-joo
SEOUL, June 30 (Yonhap) -- Representatives of South Korea's labor and management have agreed to set next year's minimum hourly wage at 9,620 won (US$7.41) in a 5 percent increase from this year, officials said Thursday.
The Minimum Wage Commission, which is composed of nine members each from labor, business and the general public, struck the agreement Wednesday night during a plenary session held at the government complex in Sejong.
The new rate translates to a monthly wage of 2.02 million won. It will apply equally across all industries.
During the negotiations, the labor side called for a significant increase from this year's 9,160 won, demanding to carry out the previous Moon Jae-in administration's promise to raise the minimum hourly wage to 10,000 won.
The labor side suggested setting next year's minimum hourly wage at 10,090 won, a 10 percent on-year increase.
Meanwhile, the management side had called for an 1.86 percent on-year increase, citing the economic damage caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, coupled with the high interest rate, inflation and the high exchange rate.
The final figure was proposed by the commissioners representing public interests after the labor and business commissioners failed to bridge their gap, and confirmed by a 12-1 vote.
All nine commissioners from the general public left the room before the vote. Four of the nine labor commissioners recommended by the Korean Confederation of Trade Unions also left the room in protest of the proposal before the vote.
By law, the commission is required to present the new minimum wage to the labor minister, who is then required to announce it publicly by Aug. 5. It marks the first time in eight years that the commission delivered its verdict on time.
Both sides can object to the agreement, and subject to the minister's approval, request a reevaluation by the commission. However, a reevaluation has never occurred since the minimum wage system was introduced in 1988.
The new wage will take effect Jan. 1, 2023.
"A 5 percent on-year increase is the proposal that does not even meet the actual inflation rate," Park Hee-eun, one of members from the labor, told reporters after the vote.
The business side also criticized the agreement, saying it does not reflect the current economic reality amid the prolonged pandemic.
"It is difficult for small business owners and medium-sized enterprise owners to cope with a 5 percent increase," said Ryu Gi-Jeong, an executive director at the Korea Enterprises Federation.
Under the Moon administration, the minimum wage increased by 16.4 percent in 2018, 10.9 percent in 2019, 2.9 percent in 2020 and the lowest-ever rate of 1.5 percent in 2021.
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